Hantavirus All You Need To Know About It & How It Spreads?: Indeed, even as the coronavirus flare-up overwhelms the world, various different illnesses are additionally popping up.
Instances of swine flu and bird flu have just been accounted for in India and different nations. Presently, a man from China has tried positive for hantavirus.
Here we are going to tell you about the Hantavirus, It’s symptoms and how It spreads? All you need to do is to go through this complete blog article.
Hantavirus All You Need To Know About It: Overview
|Article Name||Hantavirus All You Need To Know About It & How It Spreads?|
|Name Of The Virus||Hantavirus|
|Reported By||Center for Disease Control, China|
|Status||1 Man Died & 32 People Tested|
What is Hantavirus?
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the whole family of hantavirus are spread from rodents and can affect people.
The virus causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
The virus spreads from rodents to humans if a person comes in direct contact with the urine, faeces, and saliva of rodents.
“Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other hantaviruses, known as “Old World” hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS),” the CDC website said.
A person from Yunnan Province died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a chartered bus on Monday. He was tested positive for #hantavirus. Other 32 people on bus were tested. pic.twitter.com/SXzBpWmHvW
— Global Times (@globaltimesnews) March 24, 2020
What does HPS Stands for?
HPS stands for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome.
Fatigue, Fever, muscle aches, headaches, dizziness, chills and abdominal pains are early symptoms of HPS. Later symptoms include coughing and shortness of breath. The CDC website says that the virus can be fatal as it has a mortality rate of 38%.
HFRS has similar symptoms to HPS but can also cause some serious problems like low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure.
HFRS can rarely transfer from one person to another.
According to the CDC, controlling the rodent population is the primary method of preventing the Hantavirus from spreading.
Early Symptoms Of Hantavirus
Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal.
There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. About half of all HPS patients experience these symptoms.
Late Symptoms Of Hantavirus
Four to 10 days after the initial phase of illness, the late symptoms of HPS appear. These include coughing and shortness of breath, with the sensation of, as one survivor put it, a “…tight band around my chest and a pillow over my face” as the lungs fill with fluid.
Is the HPS Disease Fatal?
Yes. HPS can be fatal. It has a mortality rate of 38%.
Diagnosing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Diagnosing HPS in an individual who has only been infected a few days is difficult, because early symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, and fatigue are easily confused with influenza.
However, if the individual is experiencing fever and fatigue and has a history of potential rural rodent exposure, together with shortness of breath, would be strongly suggestive of HPS.
If the individual is experiencing these symptoms they should see their physician immediately and mention their potential rodent exposure.
Are there any complications?
Previous observations of patients that develop HPS from New World Hantaviruses recover completely. No chronic infection has been detected in humans.
Some patients have experienced longer than expected recovery times, but the virus has not been shown to leave lasting effects on the patient.
Treatment Of Hantavirus
There is no specific treatment or cure for hantavirus infection. Treatment of patients with HPS remains supportive in nature.
Patients should receive appropriate, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy while awaiting confirmation of a diagnosis of HPS.
Care during the initial stages of the disease should include antipyretics and analgesia as needed.
Hantavirus Frequently Asked Questions
1. What are the first symptoms of hantavirus?
Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders.
2. Is the hantavirus curable?
There is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection.
3. How is hantavirus transmitted?
Hantavirus is spread when virus-containing particles from rodent urine, droppings, or saliva are stirred into the air.
4. Is there a test for hantavirus?
Currently, there are no readily available tests to diagnose HPS or even hantavirus infection in the early stage of the infection or disease.
Conclusion: The hantavirus case comes at a time when the total count of those infected by novel coronavirus globally is nearing the 400,000 mark and scientists are yet to find a cure for it. The global death toll has crossed the 16,500 mark.