New National Education Policy 2020 PDF Check Major Changes: Union Cabinet Of India has approved New National Education Policy 2020 on 29th July 2020. The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since previous Policy.
This is the first new education policy in 34 years. From School Education to Higher Education, the NEP envisions to provide a new structure to the education sector of the country. Here we are sharing all the major changes made in New National Education Policy 2020 with PDF.
New National Education Policy 2020 PDF: Highlights
|Article Name||New National Education Policy 2020 PDF Check Major Changes|
|Name Of The Policy||New National Education Policy 2020|
|Name Of The Organization||Ministry Of Human Resource & Development|
|Approved By||Union Cabinet|
|Released Date||29th July 2020|
|Announced By||HRD Minister & Information & Broadcasting Minister|
|New Name Of HRD Ministry||Education Ministry or Shiksha Mantralaya|
New National Education Policy 2020 Key Highlights PDF
- New Policy aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % GER in school education by 2030.
- NEP 2020 will bring 2 crore out of school children back into the main stream.
- New 5+3+3+4 school curriculum with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/ Pre-schooling.
- Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools ; Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
- Teaching upto at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language.
- Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes.
- GER in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035 ; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.
- Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects.
- Multiple Entry / Exit to be allowed with appropriate certification.
- Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
- National Research Foundation to be established to foster a strong research culture
- Light but Tight Regulation of Higher Education, single regulator with four separate verticals for different functions.
- Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years with graded autonomy to colleges.
- NEP 2020 advocates increased use of technology with equity; National Educational Technology Forum to be created.
- NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
- New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and HEs; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit , Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up.
- MPhil courses will be discontinued under the new policy and all the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level will now be interdisciplinary.
- All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, will be governed by a single regulator.
- Board exams in schools will be low stakes and test actual knowledge of students instead of “rote learning”.
Evolution of Education Policy In India
- University Education Commission (1948-49)
- Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
- Education Commission (1964-66) under Dr. D.S. Kothari
- National Policy on Education, 1968
- 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976 – Education in Concurrent List
- National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
- NPE 1986 Modified in 1992 (Program of Action, 1992)
- T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report (27 May, 2016)
- Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report (31 May, 2019)
New National Education Policy 2020: School Education Key Highlights
Here we have mentioned major changes and key highlights that are made in New National Education Policy 2020 for School Education:
- Existing 10+2 Structure to be modified to 5+3+3+4 structure where the first three years would be formative play school years of nursery and Kindergarden. The structure would cover ages of 3 to 18 years of age. Explained the new structure.
- Foundational State of 3 and 2 years would include play school and Grades 1 and 2, Preperatory Stages of Grade 3 to 5, Middle School of Grades 6 to 8 and Secondary Stage of Grades 9 to 12.
- Emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education or ECCE for ages 3 to 6 where provisions would be made to ensure universal access to high qualify ECCE across the country in phased manner.
- 4 years for higher secondary gets lift up – Arts, Commerce, Science removed – Students to choose what they want to choose.
- Coding to start from Class 6. Music, Arts, Sports, would be at the same level.
- Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school – including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills.
- Early childhood care and education to get a complete National mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy to be set up to focus on foundational literacy.
- Indian Knowledge Systems, Languages, Culture and Values to be given focus. Furthermore, Technology would be used extensively.
- E-Content in Regional Languages would be developed and not only in Hindi and Englis. School sto be digitally equipped. National Educational Technology Forum, NETF would be formed.
- All State/UT governments will prepare an implementation plan for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools for all learners by grade 3 to be achieved by 2025.
- NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades 3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and life-enrichment programs.
- Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials – key concepts, ideas, applications and problem solving. Emphasis on critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
- The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
New National Education Policy 2020: Higher Education Key Highlights
Here we have mentioned major changes and key highlights that are made in New National Education Policy 2020 for Higher Education:
- Regulatory Sytem of Higher Education to be distinct for regulation, accredition, funding and academic standard setting – all under the umbrella of Higher Education Commission of India or HECI.
- 4 Verticals of HECI to be National Higher Education Regulatory Council or HNERC, National Accreditation Council (NAC), Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) and General Education Council (GEC) which would further form a National Higher Education Qualification Framework.
- UGC, AICTE to be replaced by a single Higher Education Regulator – HECI.
- The professional councils, such as the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), Veterinary Council of India (VCI), National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), Council of Architecture (CoA), National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) etc., will act as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs).
- Universities to be named not on the basis of ownership but on quality of education.
- Impetus to multidisciplinary education. Even IITs to move towards a more holistic curriculum with arts and himanoties.
- The undergraduate degree will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications, e.g., a certificate after completing 1 year in a discipline or field including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme.
- The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme, however, shall be the preferred option.
- Students pursuing 4 year degree programme would have an option of getting a degree with Research if the research process is completed in the are of study as specified.
- National Research Foundation would be set up with a goal to enavle ‘a culture of research’. NRF would be governed independently by rotating board of governors.
- Primary task or NRF would be to fund competitive, peer reviewed grant proposals of all types and across all disciplines and also act as a liasion between researchers and relevant branches of government so as to allow breakthroughs.
Outcomes of NEP 2020
- Universalization from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
- Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025
- 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030
- Bring Back 2 Cr Out of School Children
- Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
- Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030
- Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
- Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill
- Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools
Dr K Kasturirangan Committee Members:
|Name of the Member||Contact No.|
|Dr. K. Kasturirangan (Chairman)||9845007998 (Personal)
O: 080-23610522 (Direct Line-Dr
|Dr. Vasudha Kamat||9821310081(Mfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. Manjul Bhargava||+609 email@example.com|
|Dr. Ram Shankar Kureel||07324-274 377, 9871450315(M)||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Prof. T.V. Kattimani||9599292424(M), 9425331399(M)
|Shri Krishna Mohan Tripathy||9415822107(M)||email@example.com|
|Dr. Mazhar Asif||9435118077(M), firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. M.K. Sridhar||9845222573(M), 048068027(M)
|Shri Rajendra Pratap Gupta||09223344303(M)||email@example.com
|New National Education Policy 2020 PDF||Download PDF|
|NEP 2020 Press Release PDF||Read & Download|
|Official Website||Visit Here|
NEP 2020 FAQs
When did New National Education Policy 2020 approved?
Ans. – Union Cabinet approved the New National Education Policy 2020 on 29th July 2020.
What is the new name of HRD Ministry?
Ans. – The Union Cabinet on 29th July 2020 decided to change the name of Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) to Ministry of Education.
From when this new education policy will start?
Ans. – The New Education Policy will be implemented from academic session 2022-2023.
From where I can download New National Education Policy 2020 Key Highlights PDF?
Ans. – You can download New National Education Policy 2020 Key Highlights PDF from this page.