Tropical Cyclone Fani, which has been classified as an extremely severe cyclone (ESC), is the 10th such cyclone to hit India in May in past 52 years.
Tropical Cyclone Fani
In this post we will know all details about the Tropical Cyclone Fani along with cyclones definition, how are cyclones formed, causes of cyclone, types of cyclone, how are cyclones formed and how cyclone fani got its name?
What is Cyclone?
Cyclone word is derived from Greek word cyclos which means coiling of snake. Cyclonic storm is a storm system in which the air rotates cyclonically. It is caused by atmospheric disturbances around a low-pressure area and is usually accompanied by violent storms and severe weather conditions.
Let us tell you that the tropical cyclones that are intense are known as Hurricanes over the Atlantic Ocean and Typhoons over the Pacific Ocean.
Basically, tropical cyclone is a deep low pressure area. From around the centre the strong winds spirals and pick up the speeds of 62 Kmph or more. In Northern-hemisphere these winds rotate counter-clockwise and in Southern Hemisphere clockwise. For example: dust devils, super cell thunderstorm, tornadoes, tropical cyclones, extra tropical cyclones etc.
How are Cyclones formed?
On the basis of the speed of the wind cyclones are classified into five different categories from Category 1 to 5. According to the category of the cyclone the wind speed varies that is from 60 kilometres an hour to about 220 kmph and above.
When the speed of the wind around the low pressure area reach up to 62 kmph it is known as tropical cyclone and the name is assigned. When wind speed settles between 89 and 118 kmph, it turns into a Severe Cyclonic storm.
When wind blows at a speed of about 119 to 221 kmph then it is known as Very Severe Cyclonic Storm and when the speed of the wind exceeds 221 kmph then the cyclone is known as Super Cyclonic Storm.
Do you know that a fully matured cyclone develops a calm centre called Eye with a ring of hurricane winds around it?
Types Of Cyclone
- Extratropical cyclones
- Genoa lows
- Subtropical cyclones
- Tropical cyclones
Cyclones In India –India with a long coastline of 7516.16 km is one of the worst affected regions, where it is exposed to around 10% of tropical cyclones in the world.
Some of the most disastrous Cyclones In India are Gaja, Ockhi, Vardah, Nada, Kyant, Roanu, Madi, Nilam, Thane, Jal,Nisha, Fanoos, BOB 05, BOB 03, 08B, Mora, Aila, Rashmi, Phyan, Hudhud, Lehar, Helen, Laila.
1999 Odisha Cyclone – The 1999 odisha cyclone is the strongest storm to hit the Indian coast, as well as the strongest in the basin till date, with a minimum central pressure of 912 mbar (26.93 inHg) and Cyclone Nargis is the costliest cyclone with damages almost $ 12.1 billion. The 1970 Bhola Cyclone is the deadliest cyclone with almost 5 lakh people killed in Odisha
What is Cyclone Fani?
A cyclone named Fani is a massive cyclonic formation over the south of Bay of Bengal which is expected to make landfall in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
Do you know it is the most severe cyclonic storm in nearly two decades over the east coast. The speed of the wind may be 170- to 180 km per hour and may cause heavy rainfall in the coastal districts. Let us see more about Cyclone Fani and how Fani got its name through this article.
As we know that the India Meteorological Department (IMD) on 28 April issued a weather warning stating that Cyclone Fani would transform into a severe cyclonic storm. It may cause heavy rainfall in Kerala and light to moderate rainfall at north coastal parts like Tamil Nadu and coastal Andhra Pradesh.
Timing and strength are two factors that make Cyclone Fani, pronounced as Foni, different from most other tropical cyclones in this time of the year. Cyclone Fani started developing around April 25 and has made a landfall this morning in Odisha on the east coast.
How Cyclone Fani got its name and what It means?
Cyclone Fani pronounced as Foni name was suggested by Bangladesh. It means ‘Snake’ or ‘hood of snake’. Even the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) has a well defined process to select the name of each cyclone.
For more details on Tropical Cyclone Fani 2019 you can watch the given youtube video below.
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