List Of Important Articles Of Indian Constitution PDF: The Constitution of India comprises 448 Articles that are categorized into 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices, and it has undergone over 100 changes. A constitutional article is a set of guidelines that spells out a law or group of laws; these articles cover topics like the political system, individual liberties, and electoral procedures, among others.
The Indian Constitution now has 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 104 amendments; in 1949, it only had 395 articles in 22 parts. Each part’s articles cover different facets of the Constitution, including legislative and executive branches, schedules, sections, statutory bodies, constitutional bodies, and fundamental rights, among other topics. Here we have shared the complete list of articles in the Indian Constitution that are important for government job exams.
Table of Contents
Most Important Articles Of Indian Constitution: Overview
|Topic||List Of Important Articles Of Indian Constitution|
|Important For||All Competitive Exams|
|List Of Important Articles Of the Indian Constitution||448|
Important Articles of Indian Constitution List
Here’s the complete detailed list of Important Articles of the Indian Constitution:
|Parts||Subject Covered||Articles in Indian Constitution|
|Part I||Union & Its Territory||Articles 1-4|
|Part II||Citizenship||Articles 5-11|
|Part III||Fundamental Rights||Articles 12-35|
|Part IV||Directive Principles||Articles 36-51|
|Part IV A||Fundamental Duties||Articles 51A|
|Part V||The Union||Articles 52-151|
|Part VI||The States||Articles 152-237|
|Part VII||Note: 7th Amendment Act, 1956 repealed Part 7||–|
|Part VIII||The Union Territories||Articles 239-242|
|Part IX||The Panchayats||Articles 243-243O|
|Part IX A||The Municipalities||Articles 243P-243ZG|
|Part IX B||Co-operative Societies||Articles 243ZH-243ZT|
|Part X||Scheduled and Tribal Areas||Articles 244-244A|
|Part XI||Relation between Union & States||Articles 245-263|
|Part XII||Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits||Articles 264-300A|
|Part XIII||Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territory of India||Articles 301-307|
|Part XIV||Services under the Union and States||Articles 308-323|
|Part XIV A||Tribunals||Articles 323A-323B|
|Part XV||Elections||Articles 324-329A|
|Part XVI||Special Provisions relating to certain classes||Articles 330-342|
|Part XVII||Official Languages||Articles 343-351|
|Part XVIII||Emergency Provisions||Articles 352-360|
|Part XIX||Miscellaneous||Articles 361-367|
|Part XX||Amendment of the Constitution||Articles 368|
|Part XXI||Temporary, Transitional, and Special Provisions||Articles 369-392|
|Part XXII||Short title, Commencement, and Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals||Articles 393-395|
The description of the Indian articles entailing the Parts of the Indian Constitution is given below:
Part 1: Article 1 to Article 4
- Article 1: Name of the union and its territories
- Article 2: Acceptance and Creation of the new state
- Article 3: New state creation, as well as changes to the names, boundaries, and territories of existing states
Part 2: Article 5 to Article 11
- Article 5: Citizenship at the time the Constitution first came into effect
- Article 6: An individual’s citizenship rights after coming to India from Pakistan
- Article 10: Maintenance of citizenship rights
- Article 11: The right to citizenship will be governed by law by Parliament.
Part 3: Article 12 to Article 35
- Article 12: The state’s definition
- Article 13: Laws that violate or interfere with fundamental rights.
Important Fundamental Rights of India
The Indian Constitution originally outlined 7 fundamental rights, but only 6 remain. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 repealed the Right to Property U/A 31. Part XII of the Constitution was amended to create the legal right U/A 300-A.
Right To Equality: Article 14 to 18
- Article 14: Equality before the law.
- Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
- Article 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17: Abolition of the untouchability.
- Article 18: Abolition of titles.
Right to Freedom: Article 19 to Article 22
- Article 19: Guarantees Indian citizens their six basic rights.
- a- Freedom of speech and expression
- b- The right to assemble peacefully and without weapons
- c- Freedom to organize into unions or groups
- d- The right to unrestricted movement throughout India’s borders
- e – The freedom to live and establish oneself anywhere on Indian territory
- f- Omitted
- g- The right to practice any profession and the freedom to engage in any occupation, trade, or business
- Article 20: Protection in respect of conviction for offenses
- Article 21: Protection of Life and personal liberty
- Article 22: Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
Right to Exploitation: Article 23 to Article 24
- Article 23: Forced labor and human trafficking are prohibited
- Article 24: Prohibiting the use of young people (under 14) in factories and mines
Right to Freedom of Religion: Article 25 to Article 28
- Article 25: Conscience, religious expression, and practice are all permitted without restriction.
- Article 26: The Ability to control religious issues
- Article 27: Freedom from paying taxes to support a specific faith
- Article 28: Freedom from Having to Go to religious school
Cultural and Educational Rights: Article 29 to Article 30
- Article 29: Protection of Minorities’ Interests
- Article 30: Minorities have the right to create and run educational institutions
Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32
- Article 32: Minorities can establish and manage educational institutions.
Part 4: Directive Principal of States Policy: Article 36 to 51
- Article 36: Definition
- Article 37: Application of DPSP (Read about Directive Principles of States Policy in the linked article)
- Article 39A: Equal Justice and free legal aid
- Article 40: Organization of a village panchayat
- Article 41: Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases
- Article 43: Living Wages, etc. for workers.
- Article 43A: Participation of workers in the management of industries.
- Article 44: Uniform civil code. ( applicable in Goa only)
- Article 45: Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
- Article 46: Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), and OBC.
- Article 47: Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
- Article 48: Organization of Agriculture and animal husbandry.
- Article 49: Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
- Article 50: Separation of Judiciary from the Executive.
- Article 51: Promotion of international peace and security.
Part 4A: Fundamental Duties: Article 51A
There are a total of 11 fundamental duties. 42nd amendment act 1976 added 10 fundamental duties. 86th amendment act 2002 added one more to the list.
Part 5: Union: Article 52 to 151
- Article 52: The President of India
- Article 53: Executive Power of the Union
- Article 54: Election of President
- Article 61: Procedure for Impeachment of the President
- Article 63: The Vice–president of India
- Article 64: The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman of the Council of States
- Article 66: Election of Vice–president
- Article 72: Pardoning powers of President
- Article 74: Council of Ministers to Aid and Advise President
- Article 76: Attorney–General for India
- Article 79: Constitution of Parliament
- Article 80: Composition of Rajya Sabha
- Article 81: Composition of Lok Sabha
- Article 83: Duration of Houses of Parliament
- Article 93: The speakers and Deputy speakers of the House of the People
- Article 105: Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
- Article 109: Special procedure with respect to money bills
- Article 110: Definition of “Money Bills”
- Article 112: Annual Financial Budget
- Article 114: Appropriation Bills
- Article 123: Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
- Article 124: Establishment of Supreme Court
- Article 125: Salaries of Judges
- Article 126: Appointment of acting Chief Justice
- Article 127: Appointment of ad–hoc judges
- Article 128: Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
- Article 129: Supreme Court to be a Court of Record
- Article 130: Seat of the Supreme Court
- Article 136: Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
- Article 137: Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
- Article 141: Decision of the Supreme Court of India binding on all the courts
- Article 148: Comptroller and Auditor–General of India
- Article 149: Duties and Powers of CAG
Part 6: States: Article 152 to 237
- Article 153: Governors of State
- Article 154: Executive Powers of Governor
- Article 161: Pardoning Powers of the Governor
- Article 165: Advocate–General of the State
- Article 213: Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
- Article 214: High Courts for states
- Article 215: High Courts to be a court of record
- Article 226: Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
- Article 233: Appointment of District Judges
- Article 235: Control over Subordinate Courts
Part 7 to Part 11
|Part 7||Repealed: Article 238|
|Part 8||Union Territories: Article 239 – 242|
|Part 9||Panchayats: Article 243 – 243O |
Article 243A – Gram Sabha
Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
|Part 9 A||Municipalities: Article 243P – 243ZG|
|Part 9 B||Co-operative Societies: Article 243ZH – 243ZT|
|Part 10||Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Article 244|
|Part 11||Center- State Relations: Article 245 – 263|
Part 12: Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits: Article 264 To 300A
- Article 266: Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
- Article 267: Contingency Fund of India
- Article 280: Finance Commission
- Article 300 A: Right to property
Part 13: Trade, Commerce, and Intercourse within the Territories of India: Article 301 To 307
- Article 301: Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse
- Article 302: Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.
Part 14: Services under Centre and State: Article 308 To Article 323
- Article 312: All– India–Service
- Article 315: Public service commissions for the union and for the states
- Article 320: Functions of Public Service Commission
Part 14A: Tribunals: Article 323 A To Article 323 B
- Article 323A: Administrative Tribunals
Part 15: Elections: Article 324 To Article 329
- Article 324: Superintendence, direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission
- Article 325: No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
- Article 326: Elections to the House of the People and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage
Part 16: Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities, etc: Article 330 To 342
- Article 338: National Commission for the SC & ST
- Article 340: Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes
Part 17: Official Language: Article 343 To Article 351
- Article 343: Official Languages of the Union
- Article 345: Official languages or languages of a state
- Article 348: Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts
- Article 351: Directive for development of the Hindi languages
Part 18: Emergency: Article 352 To Article 360
- Article 352: Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)
- Article 356: State Emergency (President’s Rule)
- Article 360: Financial Emergency
Part 19: Miscellaneous: Article 361 To Article 367
- Article 361: Protection of President and Governors
Part 20: Amendment of Constitution: Article 368
- Article 368: Powers of Parliaments to Amend the Constitution
Part 21: Special, Transitional, and Temporary Provisions: Article 369 To Article 392
- Article 370: Temporary Provision for the erstwhile State of J&K (diluted on August 5 & 6, 2019).
- Article 371 A: Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
- Article 371 J: Special Status for Hyderabad–Karnataka region
Part 22: Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals: Article 392 To Article 395
- Article 393: Short title – This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India
Important Articles of the Indian Constitution Schedules
|Schedules||Articles of the Indian Constitution|
|First Schedule||Article 1 and Article 4|
|Second Schedule||Articles: 59, 65, 75, 97, 125, 148, 158, 164, 186, 221|
|Third Schedule||Articles: 75, 84, 99, 124,146, 173, 188, 219|
|Fourth Schedule||Article 4 and Article 80|
|Fifth Schedule||Article 244|
|Sixth Schedule||Article 244 and Article 275|
|Seventh Schedule||Article 246|
|Eighth Schedule||Article 344 and Article 351|
|Ninth Schedule||Article 31-B|
|Tenth Schedule||Article 102 and Article 191|
|Eleventh Schedule||Article 243-G|
|Twelfth Schedule||Article 243-W|
List of Other Important Articles in the Indian Constitution
|Important Articles of the Indian Constitution||Importance of Indian Articles|
|Article 12-35||Fundamental Rights|
|Article 36-50||Directive Principles of State Policy|
|Article 51A||Fundamental Duties|
|Article 80||Number of Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Article 243-243 (o)||Panchayati Raj Institutions|
|Article 343||Hindi as Official Language|
|Article 356||Imposition of President’s Rule|
|Article 370||Special Status of Jammu & Kashmir|
|Article 395||Repeals Indian Independence Act and Government of India Act 1919|
Frequently Asked Questions
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Fundamental Rights – Article 12-35
Directive Principles of State Policy – Article 36-51
Fundamental Duties – Article 51A
Scheduled & Tribal Areas – Article 244-244A
Elections – Article 324-329 A
Constitutional Amendment – Article 368