Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet

By | April 8, 2020

Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet: Trignometry is one of the major section of Advance Mathematics for different exams including competitive exams. Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet is available here to download in English and Hindi language.

Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics dealing with the relations of the sides and angles of triangles and with the relevant functions of any angles. Throughout history, trigonometry has been applied in areas such as geodesy, surveying, celestial mechanics, and navigation.

Trignometry Study Materials PDF For Competitive Exams

Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet

Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet

Article Name Trignometry Study Materials PDF With Practice Questions Worksheet
Category Study Materials
Name Of The Lesson Trignometry
Name Of The Subject Mathematics
Important For Competitive Exams & Other Exams
Post Included Important Formulae, Notes, Study Materials, Practice Questions Worksheets PDF
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Trigonometry Basics

The concept of Trigonometry is given by a Greek mathematician Hipparchus. Trigonometry is all about a right-angled triangle.

It is one of those divisions in mathematics that helps in finding the angles and missing sides of a triangle by the help of trigonometric ratios.

The angles are either measured in radians or degrees. The usual trigonometry angles are 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, which are commonly used.

Trigonometry Basics

Trigonometry Basics

Six Important Trigonometric Functions

The six important trigonometric functions (trigonometric ratios) are calculated by the below formulas using above figure. It is necessary to get knowledge regarding the sides of the right angle triangle, because it defines the set of important trigonometric functions.

Functions Abbreviation Relationship to sides of a right triangle
Sine Function sin Opposite side/ Hypotenuse
Tangent Function tan Opposite side / Adjacent side
Cosine Function cos Adjacent side / Hypotenuse
Cosecant Function cosec Hypotenuse / Opposite side
Secant Function sec Hypotenuse / Adjacent side
Cotangent Function cot Adjacent side / Opposite side

Trigonometry Ratios Table

The standard angles of trigonometrical ratios are 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°. The values of trigonometrical ratios of standard angles are very important to solve the trigonometrical problems.

The values of trigonometrical ratios of standard angles are very important to solve the trigonometrical problems. Therefore, it is necessary to remember the value of the trigonometrical ratios of these standard angles. The sine, cosine and tangent of the standard angles are given below in the table.

Trigonometry Ratios Table

Trigonometry Ratios Table

Trigonometry Formula

The Trigonometric formulas or Identities are the equations which are true in the case of Right-Angled Triangles. Some of the special trigonometric identities are as given below –

1. Pythagorean Identities

  • sin ² θ + cos ² θ = 1
  • tan 2 θ + 1 = sec2 θ
  • cot2 θ + 1 = cosec2 θ
  • sin 2θ = 2 sin θ cos θ
  • cos 2θ = cos² θ – sin² θ
  • tan 2θ = 2 tan θ / (1 – tan² θ)
  • cot 2θ = (cot² θ – 1) / 2 cot θ

2. Sum and Difference identities-

For angles A and B, we have the following relationships:

  • sin(A + B) = sin(A)cos(B) + cos(A)sin(B)
  • cos(A + B) = cos(A)cos(B) – sin(A)sin(B)
  • tan(A + B) = tan(A) + tan(B)/1−tan(A) tan(B)
  • sin(A – B) = sin(A)cos(B) – cos(A)sin(B)
  • cos(A – B) = cos(A)cos(B) + sin(u)sin(v)
  • tan(A – B) = tan(A) − tan(B)/1+tan(A) tan(B)

3. If A, B and C are angles and a, b and c are the sides of a triangle, then,

Sine Laws

  • a/sinA = b/sinB = c/sinC

Cosine Laws

  • c2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab cos C
  • a2 = b2 + c2 – 2bc cos A
  • b2 = a2 + c2 – 2ac cos B

Trigonometry Questions & Answers For Competitive Exams

Here we have attached some Trigonometry questions and their solutions for competitive exams like SSC, Railway, UPSC & other exams.

Question 1: In a ΔABC right angled at B if AB = 12, and BC = 5 find sin A and tan A, cos C and cot C

Solution:

AC=√((AB)^2+(BC)^2 )
=√(〖12〗^2+5^2 )
=√(144+25)
=√169=13

When we consider t-ratios of∠A we have
Base AB = 12
Perpendicular = BC = 5
Hypotenuse = AC = 13
sinA=Perpendicular/Hypotenuse=5/13
tanA=Perpendicular/Base=5/12

When we consider t-ratios of ∠C, we have
Base = BC = 5
Perpendicular = AB = 12
Hypotenuse = AC = 13

cosC = Base/Hypotenuse = 5/13
cotC = Base/Perpendicular = 5/12

Question 2 : Find the value of 2 sin2 30° tan 60° – 3 cos2 60° sec2 30°

Solution:
2(1/2)^2×√3-3(1/2)^2×(2/√3)^2
=2×1/4×√3-3×1/4×4/3=√3/2-1=(√3-2)/2

Question 3 : In a right triangle ABC right angle at B the six trigonometric ratios of ∠C

Solution:
sinA=Perpendicular/Hypotenuse=3/5

Base=√((Hypotenuse)^2-(Perpendicualr)^2 )
=√(5^2-3^2 )
=√(25-9)=√16=4

Now
sinC=BC/AC=4/5,cosecC=5/4
cosC=3/5=AB/AC,secC=5/3
tanC=AB/AC=4/3,cotC=3/4

Question 4 : Find the value of 2 sin2 30° tan 60° – 3 cos2 60° sec2 30°

Solution:
2(1/2)^2×√3-3(1/2)^2×(2/√3)^2
=2×1/4×√3-3×1/4×4/3=√3/2-1=(√3-2)/2

Question 5 : bFind the value θ sin2θ=√3

Solution:
sin2θ= √3/2
2θ = 60
θ = 30°

Question 6 : Find the value of x. Tan 3x = sin 45° cos 45° + sin 30°

Solution:
tan3x=1/√2×1/√2+1/2
=1/2+1/2=1
⇒tan3x=1 ⇒ tan3x = tan45°
3x = 45°
X = 15°

Trigonometry Problems & Solutions

Practice these questions given here to get a deep knowledge of Trigonometry. Use the formulas and table given in this article wherever necessary.

Q.1: In △ABC, right-angled at B, AB=22cm and BC=17cm. Find:

(a) sin A Cos B

(b) tan A tan B

Q.2: If 12cot θ= 15, then find sec θ?

Q.3: In Δ PQR, right-angled at Q, PR + QR = 30 cm and PQ = 10 cm. Determine the values of sin P, cos P and tan P.

Q.4: If sec 4θ = cosec (θ- 300), where 4θ is an acute angle, find the value of A.

Height And Distance

Sometimes, we have to find the height of a tower, building, tree, distance of a ship, width of a river, etc.

Though we cannot measure them easily, we can determine these by using trigonometric ratios.

Line of Sight

The line of sight or the line of vision is a straight line to the object we are viewing. If the object is above the horizontal from the eye, we have to lift up our head to view the object. In this process, our eye move, through an angle. This angle is called the angle of elevation of the object.

If the object is below the horizontal from the eye, then we have no turn our head downwards no view the object. In this process, our eye move through an angle. This angle is called the angle of depression of the object.

Example: A 25 m long ladder is placed against a vertical wall of a building. The foot of the ladder is 7m from base of the building. If the top of the ladder slips 4m, then the foot of the Ladder will slide by how much distance.

Sol: Let the height of the wall be h.

Now, h = √(〖25〗^2-7^2 )
= √(576 ) = 24m
QS = √(625-400)
= √(225 )=15m
Required distance, X = (15-7) = 8m

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Trigonometry Practice Questions Worksheet PDF

Here we have attached the trigonometry practice questions pdf alongwith trigonometry worksheet pdf. You can also download Complete Trigonometry Study Materials PDF from the table given below:

Trigonometry Study Materials & Worksheets PDF Download PDF
Trigonometry Study Materials & Formulae PDF Download
Trigonometry Practice Worksheet PDF Download
Trigonometry SSC CGL 2011 to 2018 Questions PDF Download

Trigonometry Frequently Asked Questions

What do you Mean by Trigonometry?
Ans. –  Trigonometry is one of the branches of mathematics which deals with the relationship between the sides of a triangle (right triangle) with its angles. There are 6 trigonometric functions to define It.

What are the Different Trigonometric Functions?
Ans. –  The 6 trigonometric functions are: Sine function, Cosine function, Tan function, Sec function, Cot function, Cosec function

Who is the Father of Trigonometry?
Ans. –  Hipparchus was a Greek astronomer who lived between 190-120 B.C. He is considered the father of trigonometry.

What are the Applications of Trigonometry in Real Life?
Ans. –  The real life applications of trigonometry is in the calculation of height and distance. Some of the sectors where the concepts of trigonometry is extensively used are aviation department, navigation, criminology, marine biology, etc.

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